Guide for Authors



The Journal of Food and Bioprocess Engineering (JFBE) is a fee-free open access international journal of Department of Food Science and Engineering, University of Tehran. This semiannually publishes peer-reviewed research papers and reviews in all branches of science, technology, biotechnology and engineering of foods and food products with a special emphasis on bioprocess modelling and optimization; separation and bioseparation; fermentation; bioreactor design, instrumentation and control; microbial physiology and engineering metabolic; production formulation; sterile processing; functional fermented foods or ingredients; nanotechnology and nanobiotechnology; engineering for food safety; environmental issues in food manufacture; minimal processing techniques; packaging; plant, process and product design; processing and microstructure interactions; unit operations, process modelling and optimization in food engineering; effect of different processes on the functional properties of foods or drinks; non-thermal processes; process analytical technology (PAT). All articles will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles.


The essential rules to ensure your manuscript is handled promptly


a)   The manuscript fits the Aims and Scope of Journal of Food and Bioprocess Engineering.

b)   The research is novel and has not been published previously.

c)   The text is written in good English. Authors who feel their manuscript might require editing to meet correct scientific English requirements may wish to use an English Language Editing services provided by the reputable companies around the world.

d)   Manuscript text is divided into numbered sections; line and page numbers are added and text is double-spaced.

e)   All relevant sources (i.e. peer-reviewed articles, websites, books etc.) should be included in the Reference list.

f)    Cover letter is prepared, introducing your article and explaining the novelty of the research.

g)   Highlights identify important outcomes of your work and stand alone (i.e. do not require someone to read the article to understand what they mean). These are presented in 3-5 points, 85 characters each).


Manuscript preparation


The Authors should ensure that

(1)   The formatting of the manuscript follows the requirements of the Guide for Authors.

(2)   The language follows the requirements of the Guide for Authors as mentioned above.

(3)   The number of words and of figures/tables is within limits:

  • Research article: 8000 words, 10 tables and figures combined.
  • Review article: 11,000 words, 10 tables and figures combined.
  • Short communication: 4000 words, 10 tables and figures combined.

More tables and figures? Submit as supplementary material.

(4)   The title page contains title, author names, affiliations and corresponding author telephone. Email addresses are required for ALL authors. Authors must provide and use a unique, individual e-mail address and not one that is shared with another author registered in the submission system, or a department.

(5)    The highlights are provided (3-5 bullet points, max 85 characters each including spaces).

(6)    Keywords are provided in 3-5 points.

(7)    Continuous line numbering is provided throughout the manuscript (including captions and references); page numbering is provided.

(8)    All sources (references) are provided in alphabetical order.

(9)    Figures and tables (10 combined) include clear legends.

(10) Three or more suggested reviewers are provided (including affiliation and professional email address), at least two of which are from a different country than the Authors and none from the same institution.


Types of paper


Original research; review articles; short communications


Original research

It is original full-length research papers that have not been published previously, except in a preliminary form, and should not exceed 8000 words from introduction to conclusion (not including references) (including no more than ten tables and figures combined - additional tables and figures can be submitted as supplementary material). Original research should not contain more than 50 references.


Review article

It will be accepted in areas of topical interest, will normally focus on literature published over the previous five years, and should not exceed 11,000 words from introduction to conclusion (not including references) (including allowance for no more than ten tables and figures combined). Review articles should not contain more than 100 references. If it is felt absolutely necessary to exceed these numbers (tables, figures, references), please contact the editorial office for advice before submission.


Short communication

It is short communication of up to 4000 words from introduction to conclusion (not including references), describing work that may be of a preliminary nature but merits publication. These papers should not contain more than 40 references.


Peer review


This journal operates a double-blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor's decision is final.


Article structure


Follow this order when typing manuscripts: Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Main text (Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Conclusion), Acknowledgements, Appendix, References, Figure Captions. The corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and footnote. All other footnotes (except for table footnotes) should be identified with superscript Arabic numbers. The title of the paper should unambiguously reflect its contents.


Essential title page information


Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations

Please clearly indicate the full given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled.

Corresponding author

Clearly indicate the one author who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.



Highlights are optional yet highly encouraged for this journal, as they increase the discoverability of your article via search engines. They consist of a short collection of bullet points that capture the novel results of your research as well as new methods that were used during the study (if any). Highlights should be submitted in a separate editable file in the online submission system. Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point).



The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. The abstract should not exceed 250 words.



Immediately after the abstract, provide 3-6 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.



State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.


Material and methods

Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.



Results should be clear and concise.



This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.



The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.



This section is mandatory. Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).


Conflict of interest

This section is mandatory. Authors should provide a conflict of interest, even if they have no competing interests to declare. In this case, they can use the phrase "The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper." or any similar sentence. Download the form, fill it in and submit the signed document as a supplementary file.


Subdivision - numbered sections

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering).


Formatting of funding sources

It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding. For example:

This work was supported by the Institute name [grant No. XXXX].



Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI. Temperatures should be given in degrees Celsius.

Abbreviations for units should follow the suggestions of the British Standards publication BS 1991. The full stop should not be included in abbreviations, e.g. m (not m.), ppm (not p.p.m.); % and '/' should be used in preference to 'per cent' and 'per'. Where abbreviations are likely to cause ambiguity or might not be understood easily by an international readership, units should be spelled out in full.



Photographs, charts and diagrams are all to be referred to as "Figure(s)" and should be numbered consecutively in the order to which they are referred. All illustrations should be clearly marked with the figure number. Figure(s) should be uploaded in a separate file.


Figure Captions

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used. Figure captions should be placed on separate page(s) at the end after references.



Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables should be placed on separate page(s) at the end after figure caption(s) page. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.


Supplementary material

Supplementary material such as applications, images and sound clips, can be published with your article to enhance it. Submitted supplementary items are published exactly as they are received (Excel or PowerPoint files will appear as such online). Please submit your material together with the article and supply a concise, descriptive caption for each supplementary file. If you wish to make changes to supplementary material during any stage of the process, please make sure to provide an updated file. Do not annotate any corrections on a previous version. Please switch off the 'Track Changes' option in Microsoft Office files as these will appear in the published version.



Citation in text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). In the text refer to the author's name (without initials) and year of publication:

One author: “Hosseini (2019)” or “(Hosseini, 2019)”.

Two authors: “Chen and Cho (2018)” or “(Chen & Cho, 2018)”. 

Three authors or more: “Sadri et al. (2019)” or “(Sadri et al., 2019)”.

Reference style

Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association (APA). References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c', etc., placed after the year of publication.


Reference to a journal publication:

Hosseini, S. S., Khalili, M., & Chen, R. A. (2019). The art of writing a scientific article. Journal name, 163, 51–59.

Reference to a journal publication with an article number:

Hosseini, Y. S., Faridi, F., & Khatibi, S. (2019). The art of writing a scientific article. Journal name, 19, e00205.

Reference to a book:

Fallah, A., & Chenari, S. N. (2018). The elements of style. (4th ed.). New York: Longman, (Chapter 4).

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Hosseini, S. M. S., Mardani, G., & Mohammadian, M. (2017). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In S. S. Hosseini, & M. Salah (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281–304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.

Reference to a website:

Cancer Research UK. Cancer statistics reports for the UK. (2003). Accessed 13 March 2003.

Reference to a dataset:

[dataset] Gorji, S., Khademi, S. A., Abdollahi, M. M., Shad, E. (2015). Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions. Mendeley Data, v1.

Reference to a conference paper or poster presentation:

Hedayati, M., Bagheri, E., Kazemi, M., & Kosari, S. R. (2009, November). The Body Image Behaviours Inventory-3: Development and validation of the Body Image Compulsive Actions and Body Image Avoidance Scales. Poster session presentation at the meeting of the Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies, Tehran, Iran.


Sample Copy


Please see one of the papers in published issues via the journal website.




Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author by e-mail. Your response, with or without corrections, should be sent within 72 hours.




Authors who publish in Journal of Food and Bioprocess Engineering will transfer copyright to their work to Journal of Food and Bioprocess Engineering. Submission of a manuscript to the respective journals implies that all authors have read and agreed to the content of the Terms and Conditions. It is a condition of publication that manuscripts submitted to this journal have not been published and will not be simultaneously submitted or published elsewhere. Plagiarism is strictly forbidden, and by submitting the article for publication the authors agree that the publishers have the legal right to take appropriate action against the authors, if plagiarism or fabricated information is discovered. By submitting a manuscript the authors agree that the copyright of their article is transferred to the publishers if and when the article is accepted for publication. Once submitted to the journal, the author can only withdraw their manuscript before sending to reviewers.